CTP has divided the SNP manifesto between "Low Carbon Ambition and Opportunity" under "Energy", and "Climate Change and Environment" under "Environment". There is considerable cross over between both so you may wish to consult both policy areas.
Low Carbon Ambition and Opportunity
Making the Most of Scotland's Low Carbon Opportunity
We are committed to ensuring there are 130,000 jobs in the low carbon economy by 2020.
We have established the £70 million National Renewables Infrastructure Fund, with the first funding now allocated and more to come in the years ahead. This will strengthen port and manufacturing facilities and supply chain provision across the country and make sure Scotland is well placed to secure investment in the manufacture of offshore wind turbines and related components. This too will leverage significant private sector investment in the next five years and, on its own, help deliver 28,000 jobs and £7.1 billion in value to Scotland's economy over the next ten years. To date, projects have been approved with an estimated spend of £378 million.
We are working hard to ensure that Scottish business is well placed to take advantage of the opportunities presented by the low-carbon economy. That includes reprioritising the £15 million of innovation funding in the Lowlands European Structural Funds Programme towards the Low Carbon Economy, to support the development of those innovative low-carbon technologies where Scotland has the greatest competitive advantage. This match funding can create £60 million of support in the years ahead to help create jobs in new and innovative projects.
We are providing updated online planning advice for renewable energy technologies. This will set out the way SEPA and SNH will interact more proportionately as consultees in development planning and management. We will continue to work over the next five years to ensure Scotland's planning system encourages sustainable development.
We will work with communities and developers to agree ways of ensuring an enhanced role for local people in agreeing sites for wind turbines when these are to be located within close proximity of the communities themselves. We are keen to expand public and community ownership of renewables projects and will work with investors to establish a new Scottish Green Equity Fund to support the development of community projects.
When we took office we raised the renewable electricity target for 2020 from 40 per cent to 50 per cent, and have recently raised it further to 80 per cent. However, given the scale of Scotland's offshore renewable potential we believe our nation can achieve even more and so we propose increasing our 2020 target to 100 per cent. Scotland will remain a big exporter of electricity and we will also generate 100 per cent of our electricity needs from renewable power. There is, of course, no upper limit to our ambition. We will also work with industry to explore whether we should also extend our renewable heat target.
We have also set a target of 2 GW renewable energy production by 2020 from the land managed on behalf of Ministers by Forestry Commission Scotland, including delivery of market-leading community benefits. We also wish to see a rapid expansion of renewable energy production by Scottish Water.
Equipping Scots with Green Skills
Given the scale of the opportunity presented to Scotland as a result of our low-carbon ambition, our technological and scientific expertise and the vast renewable energy potential around our shores, we are determined to ensure that Scotland's people have the skills they need to prosper as a result of our nation's green energy revolution. That's why, as part of our announcement of a record number of modern apprenticeships each year for the next five years, we have confirmed 500 dedicated apprenticeships for the energy and low-carbon industry.
We have already supported business in the development of green skills hubs in Scotland to ensure we have the capacity to deliver energy efficiency and renewable generation measures in our communities and our homes and we will work to expand these sorts of initiatives. We also will work with our colleges and other training providers to establish improved connections and build capacity with networks of providers through regional Green Skills Academies. These will not be new bricks and mortar buildings but will instead make full use of existing resources and facilities as a starting point for increased provision.
We have just recently made it easier for owners of public buildings and businesses to generate energy using technologies such as solar panels without requiring planning permission. The initiative will apply for solar thermal panels, solar photo voltaic panels, pipework for ground source heat pumps and water source heat pumps and biomass boilers.
We are also developing a single energy and resource efficiency service to business, enabling all companies to gain access to streamlined support.
We've recently supported the new Scottish Energy Laboratory (SEL) to strengthen collaboration across 50 energy research, test and demonstration facilities and underpin Scotland's leading position in low-carbon energy development. We will continue to support this initiative and look for ways of further enhancing Scotland's energy research base. We will also work to attract new international R&D investment to Scotland. Already, three of the six largest turbine manufacturers in the world, Gamesa, Mitsubishi and Doosan, are committed to research and development for their offshore wind technology here in Scotland. And substantial work is also being undertaken by indigenous Scottish companies including Scottish and Southern Energy, Scottish Power and BiFab. We will work to build on this growing research activity to cement Scotland's place at the forefront of offshore renewable technology.
The Saltire Prize, has attracted more than 150 registrations of interest from 31 countries. It will remain a central part of the SNPŐs offshore energy strategy.
Scotland has a particular wealth of opportunity and resource for marine renewables, and some of the leading companies in wave technology including Aquamarine and Pelamis. This is seen by the world-leading developments around our shores, including the recent confirmation by Scottish Power Renewables of the world's largest tidal flow scheme off Islay. This is the first of many major initiatives, as Scotland moves into a lead position in technology and deployment of marine renewables. Scotland has been described as the "Saudi Arabia of tidal power", and the potential offered by our marine renewables is of a scale that can match the wealth and opportunity created by oil and gas in the North Sea.
We are acting to support the development of this sector with the publication of Regional Locational Guidance on the areas of ScotlandŐs seas most suited to marine energy development.
This year we will also complete the Strategic Environmental Assessment process for offshore wind energy in Scottish territorial waters. Together these will provide developers with greater confidence to invest and ensure that development is sustainable and takes account of impact on other marine users.
We are developing statutory, integrated marine plans for all Scottish waters out to 200 nautical miles to provide the framework for sustainable economic growth and sound management. We will consult on our proposals later this year.
Our Strategic Vision
When the SNP entered government we said we would make the creation of a North Sea Supergrid a central focus of our international efforts. With the backing of the European Union and nations across the North Sea now signed up, the supergrid is on its way: and that will allow us to get the vast energy from offshore Scotland to markets across Europe. An SNP government will also prioritise North Sea Carbon Capture with Scotland becoming a hub for technology, transportation and storage. We want Scotland not only to rule the waves with marine renewables, but to lead Europe in Carbon Capture.
We are also determined to provide strategic support for the offshore renewables sector and will continue to work with the industry as we press for reform of the transmission charging regime as part of wider electricity market reform.
In government we will also look at ways of driving down costs for the renewables sector, and will work with the industry to explore new initiatives such as joint procurement arrangements for insurance and vessels.
We have published two hydropower studies which suggest that up to a further 1200 MW of economically-viable, small-scale hydro could be exploited in Scotland. We are streamlining the hydro consent process by recently consulting on raising the threshold for consent, which would release further renewable energy capacity by encouraging schemes of over 1 MW.
We have published the Electricity Generation Policy statement for Scotland setting out the Scottish GovernmentŐs position on the role for renewable electricity and fossil fuel thermal generation in Scotland's future energy mix. It sets out new developments and implications in the following areas. Any new coal-fired station would need to demonstrate Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) on at least 300 MW of its capacity from day one and retro-fitting for those stations by no later than 2025, with 100 per cent CCS expected on new builds from 2020. The policy statement also makes clear that increased renewable generation means we now see no energy need for additional thermal generation plants.
We support the expansion of local, small-scale biomass and share public concerns over the large-scale schemes now being proposed in some parts of Scotland.
Please see page 34 of the Scottish National Party manifesto for this policy.
Please see this SCREEN GRAB of the previous version of the Environment policy from the party website which may be relevant.
Retrieved on 16/04/11 (4:39pm) from: 2011 Party Manifesto